Skip to content

About Pakistan

Below you can find relevant information about Pakistan

Geography

  • Area: 796,095 km2 excluding Kashmir (Denmark: 46,000 km2)
  • Population: 212,215,030 (2020)
  • Capital: Islamabad with 1,163,584 inhabitants
  • Population growth: +2% on average (2019)
  • Population: Majority Pakistani, minority immigrants (Afghans & others)
  • Language: Urdu
  • Religion: Islam 96.47%, Hinduism, Roman Catholic and other Christian faiths 3.53%
  • National Day: 14 August (Independence Day 14 August 1947)
  • Languages: Urdu (national) and English (official and widely spoken). Other local languages like Punjabi, Pashto, Seraiki, Baluchi, Bruhui, Hindko, Kashmiri and Shina are spoken in different parts of Pakistan.

Government

The current governing coalition holds 177 seats in the national assembly. The largest party in the National Assembly and leader of the governing coalition is the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). PTI holds a total of 156 seats including 28 seats reserved for women and 5 seats reserved for minorities. 

  • Prime Minister: Imran Khan (PTI)
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs: Shah Mehmood Qureshi (PTI).
  • Minister for Interior:  Sheikh Rasheed (PTI)
  • Minister for Climate Change: Zartaj Gul (PTI)
  • Minister for Energy: Omer Ayub (PTI)
  • Minister for Finance: Shaukat Tareen (PTI)

Governance

Pakistan is a multi-party democracy with a bicameral legislature comprising the Senate of Pakistan (upper house, with 100 seats) and the National Assembly (lower house, with 342 seats). The National Assembly includes 60 seats reserved for women and 10 seats reserved for non-Muslims. The number of seats allocated to each of the five provinces and to the capital and FATA (Federally Administered Areas) are based on the size of the population of each area. 

The constitution of Pakistan provides for a president as head of state and a prime minister (PM) as head of government. The president is elected for a term of five years and plays a mostly ceremonial role with limited power. The prime minister is elected by the National Assembly and leads the executive branch of government, including all matters of domestic and foreign policy. 

Pakistan is divided into five provinces.

  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: provincial capital: Peshawar
  • Punjab; provincial capital: Lahore
  • Sindh, provincial capital: Karachi (also Pakistan’s largest city with around 20 mio. inhabitants)
  • Balochistan; provincial capital: Quetta
  • Gilgit-Baltistan; provincial capital: Gilgit

The tribal areas adjoining Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are federally administered and in daily language called FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas). Azad Jammu Kashmir has a special status, as the area is disputed between Pakistan and India.

Economy

  • GDP per capita: 1.162 USD (2020)
  • Expected real growth rate in GDP: 4.5% (2021)
  • Currency: Pakistani Rupees (PKR) 100 = $0.59 (September 2021)
  • Corporate tax rate: 29% (2021)
  • Personal income tax rate: 35% (2021)
  • Inflation: 8.4 % (2021), 4.0% (2022 forecast)
  • Labour force 72,334,842 (2020)
  • Unemployment 4.40% (2020), 5% (2021 forecast)

Pakistan is the world's 45th largest economy with a GDP of 257 billion USD. According to the World Bank's 2021 classification, Pakistan belongs to the group of lower middle-income countries. In 2021 the real growth rate in GDP is expected to be 4,5 pct., and over the following two years real GDP is expected to grow at a rate of 4,9 pct. p.a.

The economy remains reliant on agriculture (accounting for 23% of GDP in 2021), especially cotton, but industry (18% of GDP in 2021) and large-scale manufacturing have strong potential given the size of the domestic market. Services account for over 50% of GDP. According to the latest IMF data (September 2021), Pakistan’s nominal GDP per capita is US$1,378 (placing it 151st in the world), while in PPP terms the level was US$5,160 (134th in the world).

Pakistan was Denmark's 64th largest export market in 2020, totalling DKK 1,9 billion in revenues, which accounted for 0,1% of Danish exports. Imports of goods and services to Denmark from Pakistan totalled DKK 1,7 billion in 2020.

Political

Domestic Political Situation

Since independence in 1947 political development in Pakistan has been turbulent and chaotic, characterized by alternating periods of civilian and military rule and by the struggle between liberal and religious forces. In 2008, following almost 10 years of military backed rule, the country moved back onto the path of democracy with subsequent peaceful, democratic transitions of power in both 2013 and 2018. However, the current government of Pakistan continue to face major challenges including provision of basic services, widespread corruption, ensuring safety and security and human rights especially for women, ethnic and religious minorities and other vulnerable groups.

The current government, led by prime minister Imran Khan (PTI), took office in 2018 with a promise to strengthen welfare, public investments in infrastructure and to tackle corruption. The government is also focusing on green transition and introduced new legislation in 2020 planning to increase the production of sustainable energy from 4 to 30 pct. by 2030.     

Pakistan continues to be subject to religious and sectarian violence and attacks. Militant attacks, including terrorist bombings against government institutions, mosques, markets, schools etc. constitute a considerable threat in the country. The security situation in Khyber Pakhtunkwa, FATA and Balochistan is worse compared to the rest of the country.

Foreign Political Situation

Since independence, Pakistan’s foreign policy has been dominated by a tense relationship with India leading to several wars, uncountable skirmishes and a nuclear arms race between the two countries.Today the relationship remains fragile but improvements have taken place under the current government including a military deescalation and truce reestablished on 25 Februrary 2021. 

As a consequence of the long and to some extend disputed border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, the political and security developments in Afghanistan holds crucial implications for Pakistan, especially in the border areas.

Pakistan is one of the largest contributors to UN peacekeeping operations, with about 10,000 men”.

Climate

Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. The climate is generally arid, characterized by hot summers and cool or cold winters. Pakistan has four seasons. A cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The onset and duration of these seasons vary between the different areas of the country.

The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2°C in January to an average daily high of 40°C in June.

For more information please visit: